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Glossary
 
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
 
 
A
 
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA)
Public Law 101-336 gives civil rights protections to individuals with disabilities similar to those provided to individuals on the basis of race, color, sex, national origin, age, and religion. It guarantees equal opportunity for individuals with disabilities in public accommodations, employment, transportation, State and local government services, and telecommunications.
http://www.usdoj.gov/crt/ada/adahom1.htm
 
Area Work Incentives Coordinators (AWIC)
The Area Work Incentive Coordinator (AWIC) coordinates work incentive initiatives and SSA's employment support programs in a specific geographic area with SSA field offices. Find information on regional AWICs at http://www.socialsecurity.gov/regions/
 

B
 
Benefit
Cash payment and/or health insurance received from the government due to a disability and the inability to work at SGA (Substantial Gainful Activity). (Applies to SSI and SSDI)
 
 
C
 
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS)
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services administers Medicare, Medicaid, and the State Children's Health Insurance Program.
http://www.cms.hhs.gov/
 

E
 
Earned Income
Money a person receives from wages or from self-employment.
 
Earned Income Tax Credit
This is a refundable federal income tax credit for low-income working individuals and families. Congress originally approved the tax credit legislation in 1975 in part to offset the burden of social security taxes and to provide an incentive to work. To qualify, taxpayers must meet certain requirements and file a tax return, even if they did not earn enough money to be obligated to file a tax return.
http://www.irs.gov/individuals/article/0,,id=150557,00.html

Employment Networks (EN)
Employment networks are public or private providers in the local community, and can include the state Vocational Rehabilitation Agency. They are the organizations responsible for providing the services Ticket holders need to work or earn more money.
http://www.yourtickettowork.com/en_faqs
 
U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)
The Commission promotes equality of opportunity in the workplace and enforces federal laws prohibiting employment discrimination.
http://www.eeoc.gov/
 
 
H
 
Housing and Urban Development
U.S. Department that administers various housing programs in the United States.
 

I
 
Individual Development Accounts (IDA)
Matched savings accounts designed to help low-income and low-wealth families accumulate savings for high return investments in long-term assets such as a house, higher education or a small business.
http://idaresources.org
 
Individual Employment Plan (IEP)
An intensive service provided through the one-stop delivery system. Development of a plan to identify the employment goals, appropriate achievement objectives, and appropriate combination of services for the participant to achieve the employment goals.
http://www.doleta.gov
 
 
M
 
Medicaid
A federal medical assistance program administered by states. Eligibility is based on resources, earned and unearned income levels work. (Medical Benefit attached to SSI)
 
Medicare
A federal medical insurance program for SSDI and retirement recipients. Eligibility is based on a person’s work record, age, and medical eligibility.
 
Medicaid Infrastructure Grants (MIG)
Section 203 of the Ticket to Work and Work Incentives Improvement Act (TWWIIA) of 1999 establishes a grant program to support state efforts to enhance employment options for people with disabilities. CMS is the designated agency with administrative responsibility for this grant program.
 
 
O
 
Office of Disability Employment Policy
The U.S. Department of Labor’s Office of Disability Employment Policy provides national leadership by developing and influencing disability-related employment policy and practice affecting the employment of people with disabilities
http://www.dol.gov/odep/
 

P
 
Plan for Achieving Self Support (PASS)
An earned income and resource exclusion that allows a person who is disabled or blind to set aside income and/or resources to reach an occupational goal. (Applies to SSI)
 
 
R
 
Resources
Resources can be anything a person owns that can be converted to cash to pay for food, shelter and clothing. With regards to SSI and Medicaid, the resource limit is $2000 for an individual and $3000 for a couple.
 
 
S

Section 1619
Is a work incentive that consists of two sections, 1619(a) and (b). 1619(a) allows a working SSI recipient to earned income at the SGA level while receiving both an SSI payment and Medicaid at no cost. A 1619(b) status occurs when the income level eliminates an SSI cash benefit. Medicaid eligibility is retained with no cost to the recipient.

Social Security Administration (SSA)
The federal agency that administers many programs, includeing Retirement, SSDI and SSI programs.
 
Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI)
A cash benefit program for individuals who have worked and paid into F.I.C.A. (Federal Insured Contribution Act) and who meet the medical eligibility criteria and the SGA Test.
 
Supplemental Security Income (SSI)
A cash benefit paid to individuals who meet criteria for medical and financial eligibility.
 
Self Employment
Earning wages by working for self rather than employed by someone else.
 
 
T
 
Trial Work Period (TWP)
A work incentive that offers a person an opportunity to test his/her ability to work without losing benefits. Under this provision, the beneficiary is credited with a month of trial work for each month that earnings exceed the TWP $ amount. When the beneficiary has accumulated 9 such months (not necessarily consecutively earned), the Trial Work Period is completed. (Applies to SSDI)
 
Threshold
A ceiling on gross income established by a state which recipients of SSI are no longer eligible for 1619B status nor the continuation of Medicaid at no cost. (Applies to SSI and Medicaid)
 
Ticket to Work and Work Incentives Improvement Act (TWWIIA)
Legislation that modernizes the employment services system for people with disabilities and makes it possible for millions of Americans with disabilities to no longer have to choose between taking a job and having health care.
http://www.socialsecurity.gov/legislation/legis_bulletin_110999.html
 
Ticket to Work and Self-Sufficiency Program
The Ticket to Work Program, which is part of TWWIIA, increases opportunities and choices for Social Security disability beneficiaries to obtain employment, vocational rehabilitation (VR), and other support services from public and private providers, employers, and other organizations. Under the Ticket to Work Program, the Social Security Administration provides disability beneficiaries with a Ticket they may use to obtain the services and jobs they need from organizations called Employment Networks (ENs).
http://www.choosework.net
 

U
 
Unearned Income
Any money a person receives which is not performed services (paid work) which might include SSDI or other governmental cash benefits. Money directly paid to a person from a trust, interest, dividends, and monthly provision by a family to subsidize living expenses. (Applies to SSI and Medicaid)
 

W
 
Workforce Investment Act of 1998
Public Law 105-220 provides the framework for a national workforce preparation and employment system designed to meet both the needs of businesses and job seekers and those who want to further their careers. A key component of the Act enable customers to easily access the information and services they need through the One-Stop Career Center system.
http://www.doleta.gov/usworkforce/wia